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Alias URLS In Hugo Websites Using RewriteRule For Htaccess

As you may remember, I recently released The Polyglot Developer 2.0 which was a migration from WordPress to Hugo. Because my WordPress permalinks matched a similar format to Hugo I didn’t have to make too many changes. However, there was an issue with the category and tag taxonomies. In Hugo these were recommended to be plural, while in WordPress they were singular.

I’m currently using Apache for hosting The Polyglot Developer so I had to figure out how to redirect the previous WordPress traffic to prevent bad links which would hurt the search engine optimization (SEO) of my blog. We’re going to see how I made such redirects happen.

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Load Balancing A Docker Swarm Cluster With An NGINX Reverse Proxy

If you’ve been working towards containerizing your web applications like I have, you might be at a point where you’re ready to start clustering your containers. Previously I had written about creating a container cluster with Docker Swarm and using NGINX as a reverse proxy for a few containers. The catch here is that neither of these previous tutorials were meant to work together. In the previous example we were using a reverse proxy for containers on a single server. While Docker Swarm offers it’s own load balancing, you’ll find it makes sense to have NGINX as well because not every container can run on the host as port 80.

We’re going to see how to create two service containers that are replicated across several nodes. These services will be a simple Apache and NGINX web applications. Then we’re going to throw an NGINX reverse proxy into the mix that keeps track of the upstream nodes for its own load balancing.

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Using The Docker Client With A Remote Machine Or Virtual Private Server

Not too long ago I wrote about containerizing a bunch of web applications and putting them behind an NGINX reverse proxy. This is because I’ve been exploring the possibility of taking all my personal applications and turning them into Docker containers for easy maintenance and portability. I currently use Digital Ocean and if I had to guess, I’m going to be using it for a lot longer as it is a great service. So what does it take to get containerized applications on Digital Ocean or any other remote machine?

We’re going to take a look at creating and defining a remote machine in Docker and deploying containers on it.

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Create A Cluster Of Microservice Containers With Docker Swarm

I’ve been on and off when it comes to Docker, but lately I’ve been starting to embrace it. In comparison to virtual machines, containers a lot easier to maintain and are more lightweight. While working with containers are great, their true power aren’t made visible until you start clustering them. There are a few clustering and orchestration options, the most popular being Kubernetes and Docker Swarm.

In this guide we’re going to see how to create a simple Docker Swarm cluster on several server nodes that consist of both manager nodes and worker nodes.

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Use NGINX As A Reverse Proxy To Your Containerized Docker Applications

You might have noticed that I’m doing quite a bit of Docker related articles lately. This is because I’ve been exploring it as an option for the future of my personal web applications. As of right now I’m serving several web applications on Digital Ocean under a single Apache instance. As requests come into my server, Apache routes them to the appropriate application via virtual hosts. Each application is a different directory on the virtual private server (VPS). If I were to containerize each application, things would behave a bit differently. I would need to set up a reverse proxy to route each request to a different container on the host.

While Apache can work as a reverse proxy, there are other options that work way better. For example NGINX is known for being an awesome reverse proxy solution. We’re going to see how to create several web application containers and route between them with an NGINX reverse proxy container.

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Using A Raspberry Pi For Distributed Object Storage With Minio

So I was researching object storage and I came across the open source distributed object storage software, Minio. This lightweight software was written with Golang and accomplishes similar things to that of Amazon S3. After all they are both object storage solutions. The difference here is that Minio can be deployed on your own hardware.

Being that Minio was written with Golang, it is cross platform for different computing architectures, ARM included. This means that the server software can be installed on Raspberry Pi micro computing devices. Object storage is great for data backups so it gave me the idea to turn my Raspberry Pi into an object storage backup solution.

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Backup WordPress Database And Filesystem Data On Linux With Scripts

If you’re like me, you run a WordPress blog and are terrified of the thought of something going wrong. With core updates, theme updates, plugin updates, and server component updates, there is a lot of room for error. This is where a WordPress backup could help ease your mind.

WordPress recommends taking a backup of your blog before any of these are done and there are even some popular plugins that will do this for you. For example, you could use the popular UpdraftPlus or similar, but I believe there is room for error in those as well. While I could be wrong, I think WordPress must be in good shape for backup plugins to be successful.

The alternative would be to create your own backup scripts that run on a cron schedule. We’re going to see how to do this for WordPress instances running on a Linux machine.

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